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Oregon

History


US Nursing: Oregon

Historically minded US nurses will learn that human habitation began over 15,000 years ago in this area. By 8000 B.C. there existed settlements throughout the state and the populations concentrated along the lower Columbia River, in the western valleys, as well as along the coast.

Nurses will find that by the 16th century, Oregon was home to the following Native Americans: the Coquille, Bannock, Chasta, Chinook, Kalapuya, Klamath, Molalla, Nez Perce, Takelma, Tillamook and Umpqua.
In 1811, US nurses will find that the North West Company navigated the Columbia River and discovered and abundance of fur-bearing animals.

Oregon HistoryThe first permanent European settlement in Oregon was Fort Astoria at the mouth of the Columbia River which was a western outpost for the Pacific Fur Company.

1812 saw the British gain control of all Pacific Fur Company posts and nurses can note that it subsequently established joint British and American occupancy of the region west of the Rocky Mountains to the Pacific Ocean. Indeed, by the 1820’s the Hudson’s Bay Company dominated the Pacific Northwest from its Columbia District headquarters at Fort Vancouver .

Nurses will read that industrial expansion followed the 1933″1937 construction of the Bonneville Dam on the Columbia River. Water power, food, and lumber provided by Oregon helped development of the West, although the periodic fluctuations in the U.S. building industry have adversely effected the state’s economy on several occasions.