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New Mexico

History


US Nursing: New Mexico

Historically minded US nurses will read that he Alburquerque family name dates from pre-12th century Iberia Cork trees dominate the landscape and Alburquerque is a center of the Spanish cork industry.

Nurses will find that Albuquerque was founded in 1706 as the Spanish colonial outpost of Ranchos de Alburquerque. To this day Albuquerque retains much of its historical Spanish cultural heritage.

US nurses will find that there was an American occupation of Albuquerque and it had a federal garrison and quartermaster depot, the Post of Albuquerque, from 1846 to 1867. The Civil War saw Albuquerque occupied in 1862 by Confederate troops. During their retreat from Union troops into Texas they fought the Battle of Albuquerque against a detachment of Union soldiers.

HistoryIn history books US nurses will read that by 1900, Albuquerque had a population of 8,000 inhabitants and all the modern amenities, including an electric street railway connecting Old Town and the New Town,

Nurses will be interested to know that New Mexico’s dry climate brought many tuberculosis patients to the city in search of a cure during the early 20th century, and several sanitaria sprang up on the West Mesa to serve them.

Visitors arriving on the Route 66 appeared in Albuquerque in 1926, and before long, dozens of motels, restaurants, and gift shops had sprung up along the roadside to serve them.

1939 saw the establishment of Kirtland Air Force Base. Sandia Base in the early 1940s, and Sandia National Laboratories in 1949, would make Albuquerque a key player of the Atomic Age. Meanwhile, the city continued to expand outward onto the West Mesa, Albuquerque was listed as the sixth fastest-growing city in America