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Georgia

History


US Nursing: Georgia

GeorgiaNursing CapitolBuildingNurses will read that this well-established south eastern state is predictably named after King George II of Great Britain, born, raised in Germany and the last monarch to assume the throne to be born outside the country. Intriguingly the state was founded by a recently landed colonist, James Oglethorpe whose vision for the state was that it should house a colony of debtors.

In 1733 Georgia was the fourth state to ratify the United States Constitution. As one of the original seven Confederate states it declared its secession from the Union on January 19, 1861 and after the Civil War in 1870 was the last state to be restored to the Union.

Nurses will learn that the early years of the 20th century saw the Great Depression take firm hold on the state’s cities and countryside. The climate deteriorated and a drought undermined the farming economy. This suffering was further accentuated by agricultural pests such as the boll weevil. Predictably during this dire period Georgians were forced to find new means of employment. Happily, the state found a new area of economic development: aviation. Georgia became a hub of activity for the airline industry. By 1941, Atlanta’s airport became home to Delta Air Lines and Eastern Air Lines.