US Nursing: Colorado

3Nurses will read that Francisco Vásquez de Coronado, a Spanish conquistador in the 16th century first visted and claimed the territory for Spain, Part of the area was also claimed for France as part of the Louisiana Territory. Subsequent years, for those history minded nurses, say political disagreements and then accords with the French government, These culminated in 1800 with the secret Treaty of San Ildefonso.

Nurses will be aware that the Louisiana Purchase of 1803 saw the United States bought the area North of the Arkansas River and East of the Rocky Mountains.

By the 1800s farming settlements had been established in the San Luis valley, However it was the discovery of gold that brought large numbers of settlers to Colorado. Prospectors led by Green Russell discovered gold in 1858 at Cherry Creek, where part of the city of Denver now stands, and after another strike the following year, the mining boom began.

Nurses will earn that the Gold Rush saw the region divide into districts, and miners’ and people’s courts were set up to provide quick justice. William Gilpin, the first territorial governor, chose the name Colorado, from the Spanish meaning red or colored.

Now in the twentieth century nurses will see large national parks, established in the early 1900s. They provide a large source of revenue; tourism has grown steadily. The discovery and exploitation of oil created a boom in the 1970s, which collapsed in the early 1980s. Diversifying industry, swelling in-migration and accompanying construction, and tourism and recreation have since enabled Colorado to rebound, and between 1990 and 2000 it had the third largest percentage of growth of any state in the union.