Atlanta

History


US Nursing: Atlanta

HistoryAtlanta

Nurses will read that the Western and Atlantic Railroad in 1836, is essentially the origin of the capital city of Georgia. Its objective order was to furnish a link between the port of Savannah and the states of Illinois, Missouri etc otherwise known as the Midwest. By a circuitous route the town came to be known as Atlanta and was incorporated as such in 1847.

During the American Civil War, multiple railroads converged upon Atlanta making the city a major hub for the distribution of military materials. I864 saw the Union Army march southward and implement its invasion of north Georgia.

The region surrounding Atlanta was the location of several major army battles, culminating with the Battle of Atlanta and a four-month-long siege of the city by the Union Army under the command of General William Tecumseh Sherman. In September 1864, the Confederate General Hood decided to retreat from Atlanta and ordered the destruction of all public buildings and possible assets that could be of use to the Union Army. On the next day, The Confederates then surrendered Atlanta to the Union Army. Sherman initiated the Union Army’s March to the Sea and ordered Atlanta to be burned to the ground, sparing only the city’s churches and hospitals.

1865 saw the end of the Civil War and Atlanta was gradually rebuilt. Investors slowly constructed a city based upon a modern economy and less reliant on agriculture. By 1885 the founding of the Georgia School of Technology amongst others had established Atlanta as a center for higher education.


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