US Nursing: Bahrain

Nurses living in Bahrain will be aware that the country has one of the most diversified economies in the Persian Gulf. Well-developed communication and transport facilities make Bahrain home to numerous multinational firms with business in the Gulf. Bahrain’s economy, however, continues to depend heavily on oil. Petroleum production and refining account for more than 60% of Bahrain’s export receipts, 70% of government revenues, and 11% of GDP. Other major economic activities are production of aluminum – Bahrain’s second biggest export after oil – finance, and construction.

Along with Malaysia it is a worldwide center for Islamic banking and continues to seek new natural gas supplies as feedstock to support its expanding petrochemical and aluminum industries. In 2011, Bahrain experienced economic setbacks as a result of domestic unrest. Bahrain’s reputation as a financial hub of the Gulf has been damaged, and the country now risks losing financial institutions to other regional centers such as Dubai or Doha. Economic policies aimed at restoring confidence in Bahrain’s economy, such as the suspension of an expatriate labor tax.

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